The Arab Exodus: Two million people fled into Europe because of the Spring rebellions

http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2120690/The-Arab-Exodus-Two-million-people-fled-Europe-Spring-rebellions.html

By Emily Allen

PUBLISHED: 13:55 EST, 26 March 2012 | UPDATED: 13:55 EST, 26 March 2012

Asylum seekers from Arab Spring countries and West African nations suffering civil strife surged into Europe last year new figures have revealed.

The Brookings Institution, a Washington-based think tank, said almost two million people have left their homes over the last year as a result of the impact of the Arab Spring across North Africa and the Middle East.

Europe’s largest group of migrants for a third consecutive year was from Afghanistan.

Enlarge   A boat loaded with migrants is spotted at sea off the Sicilian island of Lampedusa in March last year A boat loaded with migrants is spotted at sea off the Sicilian island of Lampedusa in March last year

Italian policemen stand guard as migrants wait to leave the Italian island of Lampedusa after thousands fled to the islandItalian policemen stand guard as migrants wait to leave the Italian island of Lampedusa after thousands fled to the island

To date, rulers have been forced from power in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yemen and civil uprisings have erupted in Bahrain and Syria as well as Algeria, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Morocco and Oman.

Euro-stat, the European Union’s statistics agency, said asylum applications from Tunisians rose nearly 12-fold from 540 in 2010 to 6,330 in 2011.

Thousands of migrants flooded into Lampedusa, a tiny island south of Sicily after the fall of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali who fled to Saudi Arabia in January last year.

Those who fled Syria and President Bashar al-Assad's regime, (pictured) increased by over 50 per centThose who fled Syria and President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, (pictured) increased by over 50 per cent

This loosened tight frontier checks that blocked the way into Europe.

In February last year Egyptian, President Hosni Mubarak resigned the following month after 18 days of protests which centred on Tahir Square in Cairo.

Asylum applications from Libya rose more than four times from 710 to 2,885 between 2010 and 2011 as the country descended into civil war.

Asylum applications from Libya rose more than four times from 710 to 2,885 between 2010 and 2011 as the country descended into civil war. Asylum applications from Libya rose more than four times between 2010 and 2011 as the country descended into civil war. Libyan rebels are pictured

In Libya Muammar Gaddafi was overthrown in August and was killed two months later.

Those who fled Syria and President Bashar al-Assad’s regime, increased by over 50 per cent, even though fighting there only accelerated at the end of the year.

Asylum applications from Nigeria, the scene of furious fuel price protests and a violent Islamic insurgency, almost doubled from 6,750 in 2010 to 11,470 in 2011.

Arrivals from Ivory Coast, which suffered a civil war after disputed elections, surged to 5,320 from 1,495 in 2010.

A pro-Mubarak supporter apprehended by opposition demonstrators is led away by the army during rioting near Tahir Square in Cairo in February last yearA pro-Mubarak supporter apprehended by opposition demonstrators is led away by the army during rioting near Tahir Square in Cairo in February last year

French President Nicolas Sarkozy, fighting for re-election, vowed to pull France out of the open border Schengen zone unless there was progress in fortifying Europe’s frontiers.

Austria and Germany have threatened to reinstate border controls in the Schengen zone if countries such as Greece do not stem an increasing tide of migrants making their way across the Aegean Sea from Turkey.

In September last year, the European Commission proposed legislation to let governments temporarily reinstate border controls if they can show a neighbouring country has repeatedly failed to tackle illegal immigration.
Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2120690/The-Arab-Exodus-Two-million-people-fled-Europe-Spring-rebellions.html#ixzz1pBvZZjDe

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Posted on March 26, 2012, in Politics, World Politics and tagged , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink. 2 Comments.

  1. Article title GROSSLY misleading.
    Millions may be internally displaced due to the conflicts, Some of the conflicts are related to the Arab uprising, but some not, those in Africa are not. The bulk of the displaced due to the Arab spring are in Syria, as much of those displaced in Libya have now mostly returned.

    This does not represent a cross border refugee problem and certainly not for Europe.

    The Eurostat figures listed above shows that the number of applications (across the 27 nations is at around 300 thousand applicants up some 16% from around a quarter million in 2010, still a FAR CRY from the 2 million figure listed in the headline.

    Many of the numbers are growing from a very small base, so statement s like 12 fold and so on are really meaningless..

    Get your story line accurately!

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